Yao-Liu 4 test objective function.
This class defines the Yao-Liu function 4 global optimization problem. This is a multimodal minimization problem defined as follows:
Here, represents the number of dimensions and for .
Global optimum: for for
Yao-Liu 9 test objective function.
This class defines the Yao-Liu function 9 global optimization problem. This is a multimodal minimization problem defined as follows:
Here, represents the number of dimensions and for .
Global optimum: for for