Qing test objective function.
This class defines the Qing global optimization problem. This is a multimodal minimization problem defined as follows:
Here, represents the number of dimensions and for .
Global optimum: for for
Quadratic test objective function.
This class defines the Quadratic global optimization problem. This is a multimodal minimization problem defined as follows:
Here, represents the number of dimensions and for .
Global optimum: for
Quintic test objective function.
This class defines the Quintic global optimization problem. This is a multimodal minimization problem defined as follows:
Here, represents the number of dimensions and for .
Global optimum: for for